Thursday, August 25, 2016

Dr. Dawkins’ Deceptive Demonstration Doesn’t Display Descent

Evolutionists sometimes claim that there is nothing which evolution cannot “explain”. Stories can be created to cover everything and nothing. However, there are some creatures which serve as falsifiers, in the sense of not having any stories possible to account for their existence. Of a number of cases which have no story – e.g. woodpeckers, platypus - the Bombardier Beetle is a common first-lister.

The Bombardier Beetle is named for its ability to discharge and aim a hot, steaming chemical toxin from its posterior glands to repel predators. This entails generating and combining two chemicals in the presence of two specific necessary catalysts in an internal reaction chamber, also called the explosion chamber [1]. The resulting heated toxin and steam are aimed and directed toward predators, with some being able to deflect the stream straight forward and even to cover themselves with the offensive defense soup, to prevent being eaten. Others merely expel a hot, toxic fog in front of the predator.

The issue is how this evolved; specifically, what evolutionary path created the many components needed for this defense mechanism to work, even at a minimal level. Where are the precursor beetles which evolved in steps to this condition of complexity?

There are several components which must simultaneously exist for this to happen.

Watch Dawkins take on the evolution of the Bombardier Beetle in his video:



Dang. I missed it, I guess. Where in this "explanation" does Dawkins reveal the evolutionary steps required to develop the internal chemistry and structure of the beetle? Where does he enumerate the mutations and their exact locations in the DNA which made this beetle entirely different from all others? Where does he point out the "gradual" mutations which were kept, and which must have included both the peroxide, the claimed catalyst, and the hydroquinone. Not to mention the output of boiling temperature benzoquinones and steam. And also not to mention the fully aimable, pulsed jet stream which can be directed nearly 360 degrees including forward, or to the beetle’s own shell to deter attackers.

Here’s what Dawkins purposefully did: he ignored the actual conditions for catalyzed explosion in the beetle’s explosion chamber. He did this in order to prove his point that some catalyzed oxidation events can be shown to have gradations in the volatility which correspond to the amount of catalyst. He did this by using gun powder, which does not at all correlate with the process used in the chemistry of the beetle’s explosion. He did NOT show that to be the case for the beetle, and further he showed absolutely zero interest in defining the evolutionary steps required – and requiring isolation empirically – for the development of the beetle’s chemical processes. However, Dawkins was successful in demonstrating the possibility of gradual hardening of the explosion chamber, IFF the beetle used gun powder instead of the actual components.

Here’s the full story, which Dawkins dishonestly avoids by claiming that the hydroquinone is of no importance, when in fact it is of specific importance.

1. The output spray product is at roughly 100 degC, and is a caustic product called benzoquinone along with steam. Benzoquinone has been compared with burning plastic, and it is an interrupter of synapses in the control of skeletal muscles.

2. The process starts internally in cells that are said to produce both the hydrogen peroxide and the hydroquinone; they are stored separately, and are recombined on demand. The chemical process requires the presence of catalysts, one for the reduction of the peroxide in order to form oxygen, another which catalyzes hydroquinone with oxygen to produce benzoquinone and H2O plus heat. The catalysts are present in the explosion chamber.

3 There is a valving system which allows the two chemicals into the reaction chamber when the pressure inside the chamber is lower than the supply line pressure. When the reaction chamber pressure increases to greater than the supply line pressure, the inline valve closes, preventing backwash. The high pressure in the reaction chamber is released outward past deflection devices which are muscle controlled and are aimed with high accuracy. The deflection devices change the path of the ejecta to the direction chosen by the beetle.

4. Tests on various predators show revulsion and confusion when hit with the hot toxin which is sprayed by the beetle. Some show loss of control of musculature.

5. The spray varies by beetle “tribe” or sub-clade from a mist to a pulsed jet.

It’s no wonder that Dawkins didn’t use the hydrogen peroxide with the hydroquinone: it might have damaged the audience and himself. That would demonstrate the improbability of that combination of chemicals being developed accidentally, without the protective chambering and valving pre-existing. And why would the chambering and valving become so complex without having the combination of hydrogen peroxide and hydroquinone production systems to use it?

And why is the beetle not affected by this toxin?

What Dawkins did was to use the magician’s trick of diverting attention away from the actual subject. He did this with a misdirection to a pretense of scientific experiment – smoke and beakers. And he made a point which fails the slightest examination (beetles don’t use simple gunpowder), yet which the audience accepted completely.

And more conclusively, Dawkins provided absolutely zero validation for the claim that evolution actually did produce this one-off capacity. In the final analysis, it’s all smoke. All of it.

Might we legitimately conclude that Dawkins, Darwin's Chihuahua, has no actual "story" for explaining the Bombardier Beetle? Yes, we might.

UPDATE:

After watching the video one more time, I notice that Dawkins actually says that "the hydroquinone does nothing at all, and we can set it aside". That is more than a misdirection; it is false, and is a purposeful lie. The actual, real reaction involves hydrogen peroxide, hydroquinone, and two (2) catalysts. The result is not what Dawkins produces in his science-fair misdirection cum lie. The actual reaction is more complex.

UPDATE 2:
Two interesting videos on Bombardier Beetles (there are a number of less interesting ones of course).
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TgqF-ND2XcY
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ukSdJizRFI

NOTES:
1. http://news.mit.edu/2015/how-bombardier-beetles-produce-defensive-spray-0430




Headline of the Day

Nigel Farage at Trump Rally: Anything Is Possible If Enough Decent People Fight the Establishment
Anyone paying any attention at all can see that the American establishment is totally corrupt. 100% corrupt. All one need do is to look at the daily revelations concerning Hillary and her use of the State Department for her own personal enrichment, compare that to the polls which say that nearly half of the nation approves, and wants her to have the presidency, too.

The reasons for this corruption of morality are various, but I think include the drift away from any concept of standards. At least half the nation, it appears, accepts that standards are now redefined as variables, depending on... Well depending upon who wants what, and how badly they want it. Standards are now personally derived, influenced not by actual standards but by how the person wants others to behave toward themselves - not that they would return the favor. Hence Obama's decree that men can use the girl's room and shower with them.

The corruption of Hillary Clinton has been called congenital: she cannot tell the truth. Not ever. Today her newest emails show her statements regarding her Russia transaction... were lies. No surprise. And her polls slip so slightly as to be just noise in the polling method. Half a nation is also just as corrupt as Hillary.

Sunday, August 21, 2016

When I Was a Kid, I Didn't Even Know You Could Do This

Teen Who Impregnated Teacher Gets $6M From District
Now all the kids will want to try this. Probably with video...

Quote of the Decade

"Well, just like Big Brother in 1984, people don’t suppress opponents’ ideas because they are confident in their own. They suppress opponents’ ideas because they have more confidence in the argument of force than in the force of their arguments.

And that leads to a general rule: The people who are trying to silence their political enemies aren’t doing it because they’re right. They’re doing it because they’re afraid that otherwise, people will realize they’re running a scam. Bear that in mind, this election season, and beyond."

Glenn Harlan Reynolds, aka Instapundit

Saturday, August 20, 2016

Sheriff Joe Under Attack From Federal Court

Federal judge refers Sheriff Joe Arpaio for criminal contempt
Inside the article we find this:
"The group took time for a moment of celebration but quickly transitioned to remind supporters of the pain Arapio has caused their community and encouraged them to band together to ensure he will be prosecuted, convicted and forced out of office."
The sheriff has caused pain for their community? How so? Not until the very end do we find this:
"Noemi Romero, 24, was one of nine workers arrested in January 2013 after Maricopa County sheriff’s deputies raided Lam’s Supermarket, an Asian grocery store in Phoenix, looking for undocumented workers who were using other people’s Social Security numbers.

The name and Social Security number Romero was using belonged to her mother. She pleaded guilty to a felony charge of criminal impersonation. The felony conviction ruined her chances of applying for a federal program that allows undocumented immigrants brought to the U.S. as children to receive protection from deportation and a work permit. Romero was brought to the U.S. from Mexico when she was 3.

“When that happened to me, it was not just I that suffered, but my whole family suffered,” Romero said.

Romero spent three months and a week in jail.

She said of Arpaio, “I hope he does go to jail and is treated the way all these other people have been treated.”
It certainly appears that by enforcing the law, Sheriff Joe has indeed caused pain for willful lawbreakers. But the lawbreakers are Victimhood Class members, so the ACLU and Leftist Messiah activists must provide salvation by punishing their Oppressor, who (OMG!) enforced the law. Enforcing the law on Victimhood Class members is just not done these days. It is immoral, or something. Maybe even illegal... "hate crime"?

Why do we even have laws? Are laws just for whites? Non-Leftist whites? Will whites begin to understand that laws don't apply to anyone any more, including whites (Hillary is white, right?). Well, actually laws are just for the Oppressor Class, not for anyone who is Righteously Leftist and Progressing toward official anarchy of the Righteous Classes.

Oddly, though, the Oppressor Class is mostly law-abiding anyway, so the laws are not even needed for the most part. Except of course for the Hate Crime laws, of course, which protect the Victimhood Classes - apparently even from being subjected to the law.

If it weren't for internal contradiction, there would be no logic in Leftism at all.

Friday, August 19, 2016

Quote Du Jour

Vox Day:
"They will call us fascists. They will call us racists. They will call us Nazis. They will call us sexists. They will call us anti-semitic. They will call us ultra-nationalists. They will call us white supremacists.

And whether those charges are true or not, we don't care. Because we prefer to live in Western civilization, among civilized Western people."
The Left has created the "hyphens", the -Americans such as Hispanic-Americans, African-Americans, Asian-Americans, LGBTQSNONDI-Americans, etc., as they tribalize their Victimhood Groups. So it is no wonder that the default Oppressor Group consists of Sexist-Patriarchal-Americans, fascist-Americans, bitter-clinging-flyover-Americans, racist-Americans, and whatever false characterizations they can concoct that might suit to enrage the Victimhood Tribes. Some Victimhood Tribal Classes are perpetually enraged, with little help from provocateurs. But the provocateurs are standing at the ready anyway. Divide and Conquer is in full play.

Zombie Apocolypse Begins?

Zika virus may cause long-term memory damage, similar to Alzheimer's disease

"The Zika virus may cause long-term damage to the memory which mirrors the effects of Alzheimer’s disease a new study suggests.

Scientists had thought that the virus only impacted the brains of developing foetuses and did not believe an infection posed serious problems for adults.

But a new study suggests that Zika can also infect the brain cells of adults, causing long term damage to memory.

“Zika can clearly enter the brain of adults and can wreak havoc,” said Professor Sujan Shresta, a member of the team from the La Jolla Institute of Allergy and Immunology in California, USA.

“But it's a complex disease - it's catastrophic for early brain development, yet the majority of adults who are infected with Zika rarely show detectable symptoms.

"Its effect on the adult brain may be more subtle, and now we know what to look for."

The mosquito-borne infection has already been linked to microcephaly - a serious birth defect in which babies are born with small heads and brain damage.

Experiments using mice engineered to mimic human Zika infection show that the virus also attacks immature cells in the adult brain vital to learning and memory.

Over time, loss of these stem cells could lead to brain shrinkage and the kind of mental impairment seen in Alzheimer's, say the scientists.

The scientists used fluorescent biomarker "tags" to indicate when adult brain cells were invaded by the virus.

Their results, published in journal Cell Stem Cell, show that the virus targets two specific regions of the adult brain critical to learning and memory."